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12th International Conference on Green Chemistry & Engineering, will be organized around the theme “”

Green Chem-2021 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Green Chem-2021

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Sustainable and Green Chemistry in very simple terms is just a different way of thinking about how chemistry and chemical engineering can be done. Over the years different principles have been proposed that can be used when thinking about the design, development and implementation of chemical products and processes. These principles enable scientists and engineers to protect and benefit the economy, people and the planet by finding creative and innovative ways to reduce waste, conserve energy, and discover replacements for hazardous substances.



Green chemistry can also be defined through the use of metrics. While a unified set of metrics has not been established, many ways to quantify greener processes and products have been proposed. These metrics include ones for mass, energy, hazardous substance reduction or elimination, and life cycle environmental impacts.



“Green Chemistry is the utilization of a set of principles that reduces or eliminates the use or generation of hazardous substances in the design, manufacture and applications of chemical products”.



 



Green food production often suggests organic farming practices a few centuries ago. This type of farming uses a small area of land for crops and another area for grazing beef, sheep, and goat. Farm entities were almost always independent with no use of pesticides or herbicides and the only fertilizer used was manure.



Organic farming wills ensembles the notion of a green technology. Primary, secondary, and tertiary processing techniques are discovered to convert raw produce into value-added foods and ingredients. Primary processing techniques such as cleaning, grading, dehulling, sorting, and milling are used as initial step in processing most of the grains.



One of the most promising technological approaches to decrease environmental footprint in food processing is the use of enzymes.  Enzymes speed up reaction rates and results in savings in terms of time, energy, and cost. Food enzymes provide advantages in terms of specificity, sensitivity, their relative non-toxicity, high activity at low concentrations, and ease of inactivation.



 



Green chemistry is being employed to develop revolutionary drug delivery ways in which area unit additional sensible and fewer toxic and can profit multitudinous patients. Solid-phase synthesis of antisense oligonucleotides has been changed to accommodate principles of inexperienced chemistry by eliminating the employment and generation of toxic materials and allowing employees of valuable materials like amenities, solid-support, and protecting groups, thus raising the atom economy and cost-efficiency.



In the past, the industrial production of Adipic acid used benzene as a starting material. Benzene is one of the basic chemicals for industrial reactions and a solvent. It is known that derives mainly from the refining processes of the petrochemical industry. Benzene is also known for its carcinogenic properties (it causes leukemia to highly exposed workers). Afterwards the starting material became cyclohexanone or a mixture of cyclohexanone and cyclohexanol. For the oxidation process it was used nitric acid, producing toxic fumes of nitric oxides, NOx, which are also contributors to the greenhouse effect and the destruction of the ozone layer in the strat osphere. It was Inevitable that the method had to be changed again with more environmentally benign reactions.



 



Green chemistry is the form of chemical products and processes that reduce the harmful substances or generation of hazardous substances. Green chemistry applies across the life cycle of a chemical product, as well as its design, manufacture, use, and supreme disposal. The aim of green chemistry is to reduce the chemical connected impact on human health and nearly eliminate contamination of the surroundings through dedicated, sustainable prevention programs. These principles are often classified into "Reducing Risk" and "Minimizing the Environmental Footprint".



 



At the global scale and in the broadest sense sustainability and environmental safety management involves managing the oceans, freshwater systems, land and atmosphere, according to sustainability principles.



Land use change is fundamental to the operations of the biosphere because alterations in the relative proportions of land dedicated to urbanization, agriculture, forest, woodland, grassland and pasture have a marked effect on the global water, carbon and nitrogen biogeochemical cycles. Management of the Earth's atmosphere involves assessment of all aspects of the carbon cycle to identify opportunities to address human-induced climate change and this has become a major focus of scientific research because of the potential catastrophic effects on biodiversity and human communities. Ocean circulation patterns have a strong influence on climate and weather and, in turn, the food supply of both humans and other organisms



The Green Chemistry revolution is providing a massive range of challenges to those that follow chemistry in trade, an equal range of opportunities to get and apply new chemistry, to boost the economic science of chemical producing substances which will not involve materials harmful to the surroundings. the chemistry that deals with the applying of environmentally friendly chemical compounds within the varied areas of our life like industrial uses and plenty of developed by the requirement. The chemicals product, from plastics to prescription drugs. However, these industries have the potential to significantly injury the environment. Green chemistry thus serves to push the look of environmentally benign chemicals and chemical processes.



 



The growing interest in green chemistry needs contemporary views on analytical extractions. Reduced solvent consumption, different safer solvents, and cheap energy demands should be balanced with ancient analytical issues like extraction yield and by selection. This session deals with a number of the ideas behind green chemistry and discusses green solvent choice and extraction techniques. an outline of alternatives to standard solvents, new green solvents, ionic liquids, and alternative solvent choices are going to be mentioned during this scientific discussion.



An analytical method or analytical technique is a method to determine the concentration of a chemical compound or element in a sample.  There is a very wide variety of methods used for analysis which afford different degrees of sample preparation and instrumentation



Green chemistry is a part of chemistry and chemical engineering centered on the coming up with of products and processes that minimize the employment and generation of venturesome substances. One amongst the foremost vital branch is green compound chemistry Natural polymers, biomass conversion in biorefineries, and chemical greenhouse emission fixation area unit teamed up with extremely effective trade, process, and usage of polymers.



 



Green Manufacturing: Fundamentals and Applications introduces the fundamental definitions and problems encompassing green producing at the method, machine, and system (including provide chain) levels. It conjointly shows, by the manner of many examples from completely different business sectors, the potential for substantial improvement and therefore the ways to attain the advance. in addition, this conference discusses restrictive and government motivations for green producing and descriptions the trail creating for creating producing additional green yet as making production additional property. Specifically, analysis is targeted on minimizing contaminants and machining defects throughout manufacture, rising the exactitude and repeatability of chemical mechanical sharpening, green machine tools and processes, property packaging, and modeling property, environmentally-conscious producing processes and systems.



 



Bioenergy comes from biofuels. Biofuels are fuels made directly or indirectly from organic material – biomass – as well as plant materials and animal waste. Overall, bioenergy covers some 100% of the entire world's energy demand. ancient unprocessed biomass like fuel-wood, charcoal, and animal dung accounts for many of this and represents the most supply of energy for an outsized variety of individuals in developing countries WHO use it principally for cookery and heating. A distinction is formed between primary and secondary biofuels. within the case of primary biofuels, like fuelwood, wood chips, and pellets, organic materials are utilized in AN unprocessed kind, primarily for heating, cookery, or electricity production. Bioenergy is principally utilized in homes (80%), to a lesser extent in business (18%), whereas liquid biofuels for transport still play a restricted role (2%).



 



Bioseparation is that the name given to the follow of purifying biological product on large-scale, victimization basic aspects of engineering and scientific principles. the tip goal of bioseparation is to refine molecules, cells, and components of cells into refined fractions. it's usually recognized that the industrial success of biotechnology products extremely keen on product development and application of high-powered separation and purification ways. Analytical techniques embrace a stimulating of activity ways, capillary cataphoresis, isoelectric focusing, and mass spectrum analysis. Among separation and purification ways, liquid-liquid distribution, displacement action, dilated bed sorption, membrane action, and simulated moving bed action area unit coated at length. regulative and economic concerns area unit addressed, as area unit plant and method instrumentation and engineering method management.



 



This field has received nice attention in recent years thanks to its capability to style various, safer, energy economical, and fewer noxious routes towards synthesis. These routes are related to the rational utilization of assorted substances within the nanoparticle preparations and artificial strategies that are loosely mentioned during this tutorial review. this text isn't meant to produce AN thorough summary of inexperienced synthesis of nanoparticles, however, to gift many important aspects of synthesis with environmental considerations, involving the choice and analysis of nontoxic capping and reducing agents, the selection of innocuous solvents and therefore the development of energy-efficient artificial strategies.



 



This field has received nice attention in recent years thanks to its capability to style various, safer, energy economical, and fewer noxious routes towards synthesis. These routes are related to the rational utilization of assorted substances within the nanoparticle preparations and artificial strategies that are loosely mentioned during this tutorial review. this text isn't meant to produce AN thorough summary of inexperienced synthesis of nanoparticles, however, to gift many important aspects of synthesis with environmental considerations, involving the choice and analysis of nontoxic capping and reducing agents, the selection of innocuous solvents and therefore the development of energy-efficient artificial strategies.



 



Chemistry has a key position to play in perception the entirety from viral shape to pathogenesis, isolation of vaccines and therapies, as properly as in the improvement of materials and techniques used through basic researchers, virologists, and clinicians. This Virtual Issue aims to provide a quick overview of the important contributions of chemistry to understanding and controlling the spread of coronaviruses.